Water Policy in Israel: Context, Issues and Options by Nir Becker (auth.), Nir Becker (eds.)

By Nir Becker (auth.), Nir Becker (eds.)

This ebook bargains with water coverage in Israel. It deals a close exam of the most resources of Israel’s water, its precept shoppers, the distance among provide and insist, and the advanced, contentious paintings of interpreting and devising the nation’s water administration and use guidelines.

Water coverage in Israel is prepared in 5 large sections: The dynamics of relocating from one coverage period to a different; offer administration; call for administration; the significance of the ocean of Galilee and the useless Sea; and nearby and international concerns together with water clash and cooperation and weather change.

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However, as Alatout (2008) notes within the technical elite, there were fierce struggles, during which the dominant view shifted from viewing water as an abundant resource that has to be explored and utilized to a limited resource that has to be judiciously managed due to its scarcity. This latter view came to dominate the Israeli water scene and became the main theme of the second era. 2 The Second Era: Wise Management? (1959–1990) Once all the main freshwater sources were tapped, by the mid-1960s, attention shifted toward the untapped potential of the Mediterranean Sea.

Development of water in the upper Jordan River, and particularly Israel’s plan to divert water out of the Jordan River basin, was contested, mainly by Syria. 3 Thus, water came to be viewed as the bone of 2 Essentially, the Zionist movement claimed that with irrigation, food production can increase, and hence, the absorptive capacity is higher than in the British calculations. Reichman et al. (1997) provide a detailed account of this argument. 3 The drainage of the Huleh lake and swamp were viewed at the time as a direct continuation of earlier Zionist drainage projects that were intended to eliminate malaria and create new farmlands.

Following the series of droughts since the late 1980s, water issues rose again in the public eye. The third era, however, was largely marked by a political impasse, whereby the treasury prevented large-scale augmentation (mainly desalination), while the agricultural lobby precluded any significant cut in subsidies for water in agriculture (hence preventing further demand management). Thus, the water commissioner (whose role became gradually more central) was forced to draw down the water levels in Lake Kinneret and the aquifers (Feitelson 2005; Feitelson et al.

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