By Thomas Crump
First released in 1981, this booklet matters itself with the several ways that funds is used, the relationships which then come up, and the associations involved in maintaining its a variety of services. Thomas Crump examines the emergence of associations with time-honored and special financial roles: the kingdom, the industry and the banking process. despite the fact that, different makes use of of cash - reminiscent of for playing or the money of fines - also are taken into consideration, in an exhaustive, encyclopedic remedy of the topic, which extends a ways past the variety of traditional treatises on cash.
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Additional resources for The Phenomenon of Money
But, first, one must look at the theoretical organization of a sphere of exchange. This is defined primarily in terms of the objects exchanged, and only secondarily in terms of the recognized transactors. Money and exchangeâ•… 35 TABLE 2 Â€ x1 x2.. xi.. xj.. xn Â€ Â€ . . Â€ x1 r11 r12 r1i r1j r1n x2 r21 r22 r2i r2j r2n : Â€ Â€ Â€ Â€ Â€ : Â€ Â€ Â€ Â€ Â€ xi ri1 ri2 rii rij rin : Â€ Â€ Â€ Â€ Â€ : Â€ Â€ Â€ Â€ Â€ xj rj1 rj2 rji rij rjn : Â€ Â€ Â€ Â€ Â€ . 5 A number of points follow directly. First, the rate of exchange of any object for itself is one-to-one.
At first sight this would seem to be the normal, if not the invariable, case, since payment, which is the only move in a money game, automatically achieves this result. Appearances are deceptive, however. This result follows only if all payments are made in specie, of which the aggregate stock is maintained at a constant level. In all other cases, as chapter 4 demonstrates, changes in the amount of the money-stock mean that a non-zero-sum game 22â•… The phenomenon of money is being played. In practice, if the variations in the amount of the money-stock are no more than marginal, then the money game can be treated as a zero-sum game.
1 Although chapter 7, on ‘Distribution and redistribution’ will show this to be too simple a view, a concept of an ideal world in which money is used for the purposes of exchange and for nothing else, and in which money plays a part in all exchanges, is still fundamental in elementary economic thinking (Boulding, Pfaff and Pfaff, 1973, p. 1; Friedman, 1962, p. 14). 2 Exchange is itself not a very precise term. It is, like payment, a binary transaction, but unlike payment, it is a transaction in which something moves in both directions between the two parties.