New Challenges in Typology: Transcending the Borders and by Patience Epps, Alexandre Arkhipov

By Patience Epps, Alexandre Arkhipov

This quantity keeps the culture of proposing the most recent findings by means of typologists and box linguists, proper to common linguistic thought and study technique. Cross-linguistic reviews in response to huge samples and in-depth reports of formerly undescribed languages spotlight new refinements and revisions to our present figuring out of tested different types and classifications.

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Extra resources for New Challenges in Typology: Transcending the Borders and Refining the Distinctions (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs)

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The reason is quite simple: if a verb stem can have maximally two or three syllables, there is no room to accommodate multiple derivational suffixes. The structural differences between Niger-Congo languages can be illustrated by comparing the two extremes: the Eastern Bantu languages versus the Kwa languages. Example (1) from Makwe, a Bantu language of Mozambique, shows a verb stem with three derivational suffixes. As far as the number of derivational suffixes is concerned, this is not an extreme example with respect to Bantu norms.

20) and c) clitic induced stem allomorphy (cf. 21), can only receive an insightful account if person markers in (18) to (23) combine with the verb in the morphology. 4. Summary As alluded to before, the distinction between phrase-level affixes and word-level affixes, originally introduced by Klavans (1980), accounts for two major types of clitic system: on the one hand, the phrasal system found in languages like Serbo-Croatian, Kwakwala, Nganhcara or Ngiyambaa (Klavans 1980, Anderson 1996, 2005); on the other, the word-level system observed in most Romance languages and Macedonian, where highly selective clitics form a morphologically cohering unit with the word-level host (Monachesi 1999, Miller and Sag 1997, Spencer 1999).

Summary As alluded to before, the distinction between phrase-level affixes and word-level affixes, originally introduced by Klavans (1980), accounts for two major types of clitic system: on the one hand, the phrasal system found in languages like Serbo-Croatian, Kwakwala, Nganhcara or Ngiyambaa (Klavans 1980, Anderson 1996, 2005); on the other, the word-level system observed in most Romance languages and Macedonian, where highly selective clitics form a morphologically cohering unit with the word-level host (Monachesi 1999, Miller and Sag 1997, Spencer 1999).

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