By Arthur M. Jensen
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Extra info for Le Français par la Méthode Nature
Sample fragments are given in Appendices 4–6; the samples are simplified in parts to help the reader to see the essentials. uk/LIS/SMG/Syncretism. html). In some ways these conventions codify best practice, but where different possibilities are found they opt for one alternative. This is helpful: to take a trivial example, there may be more than one reasonable abbreviation for a feature value and it then makes sense to standardize on one. Most of the abbreviations we use are from the Leipzig list, but we have had to add a few (see our full list, p.
Neutralization Neutralization is defined as follows: i. In the presence of a particular combination of values of one or more other features (the context), there is a general loss of all values of a particular feature F found elsewhere in the language. ii. No syntactic objects distinguish any values of feature F in the given context, and feature F is therefore syntactically irrelevant in that context. Given the examples in (27)–(29), neutralization represents the most straightforward explanation: the lack of formal distinction merely reflects the irrelevance of the feature in question for syntax.
For instance, we can find example sentences containing the noun phrases nowego muzeum and nowych muzeo´w. Simple non-past forms have either a future interpretation, if a verb is perfective, or a present tense interpretation, if a verb is imperfective. 32 The Syntax–Morphology Interface (33) 1 2 3 Russian verb ‘play’ singular plural igraju igraesˇ 0 igraet igraem igraete igrajut However, in contrast with the examples (27)–(29), where we saw that no agreement targets in Russian mark gender in the plural, we cannot say that gender is neutralized in the non-past, because it may be relevant for other agreement targets.