Introduction to Earth and Planetary System Science: New View by Naotatsu Shikazono

By Naotatsu Shikazono

This booklet provides simple info on fabric technological know-how (geochemistry, geophysics, geology, mineralogy, etc.), interplay among subsystem consisting earth procedure (atmosphere, hydrosphere, litho (geo) sphere, biosphere, people) and in earth-planet procedure and evolution of earth-planetary procedure. The nature-humans interactions are defined and new view on the earth, planets and people (integration of anthropocentrism and naturecentrism) are presented.

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Extra resources for Introduction to Earth and Planetary System Science: New View of Earth, Planets and Humans

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Ecological systems (ecosystems) in which each organism interacts with every other and exists in response to the flow of energy and mass can be classified according to the differences in their environments. The most basic subdivision is into terrestrial and aquatic systems. The terrestrial ecosystem includes forests, meadows, deserts, and arable land. The aquatic system is subdivided into freshwater systems forests, rivers, lakes, and coasts and marine systems (open and coastal oceans). The characteristics of each ecological system, its diversity, the influence of human activity, and interactions with other subsystems are different.

For example, quartz (SiO2) and pyroxene (MgSiO3) change to stishovite (SiO2) and perovskite (MgSiO3), respectively, under higher pressures. 6). It has been generally inferred that the chemical composition of the mantle is relatively uniform. However, it was found that isotopic compositions of, for example, Pb and Sr in the mantle are heterogeneous, suggesting varying compositions of major and minor elements in the mantle. Thus three-dimensional variations in chemical and isotopic compositions of the mantle and their causes need to be investigated.

12 Various energy flow (Spilo et al. 2 Solid Earth (the Geosphere) 37 Sedimentation and transportation processes are proceeding, caused by energy from the sun and from the earth’s interior. Igneous activity and metamorphism occur, driven by energy derived only from earth’s interior. Thus, these internal ­processes are distinctly different from external process such as weathering, erosion, transportation, and sedimentation, which are mainly caused by external energy from the sun. However, the rocks that are the source of material for igneous and metamorphic rocks are sometimes sedimentary rocks formed through the influence of external energy.

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