By Michel de Montaigne
Qu'est-ce que l'homme ? Qu'est-ce que l'autre ? remark être sage ? remark vivre heureux ? Le XVIe siècle ne parvient plus à répondre à ces questions avec coverage. Le traumatisme des guerres de faith et, avant lui, los angeles découverte du Nouveau Monde ont ébranlé les certitudes. C'est dans ce contexte que Michel de Montaigne s'attelle à un projet singulier : dessiner son propre portrait pour mieux "peindre l'humaine condition". Jour après jour, pendant vingt ans, il observe ses réflexions dans ses Essais, une oeuvre aux frontières de l'autoportrait, du recueil de morceaux choisis et du traité de morale. Ce quantity rassemble les passages des Essais les plus représentatifs de l. a. pensée de l'auteur sur l'être humain, le monde et los angeles société.
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38 (emphasis in Century America (Cambridge: Harvard University the original). Press, 1998), he takes the American left to task for having adopted a purely intellectual and "on- 37. This remark by Wittgenstein is reported in R h e e s , Recollections of Wittgenstein, p. 157. This was the word proposed byTarski in his to the right. " But, (1940), in Readings in Philosophical Analysis, p. 66. even allowing for the fact that objectivist ideals and the virtues of truth are currently preached in the United States by the right, and the administration of George W.
Baldwin. London: Routledge, 1993. Neale, Stephen. Facing Facts. , Richard Rorty. Cambridge: C a m - versity Press, 2002. Ramsey, F. " In Philosophi- bridge University Press, 2003. Notre Dame Philo- cal Papers. nd. edu/ Press, 1990. Engel, Pascal, and Kevin Mulligan. " In Cites 15 (2003): 1 7 1 - 1 8 6 . Foucault, Michel. L'Hermenetique du sujet. Cours au R h e e s , R u s h . Recollections of Wittgenstein. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984. Rorty, Richard. Achieving Our Country. LeftistThought College de France, 1981-1982.
In the field scription is an important task, carried out not by of ethics, for example, there are numerous debates philosophers but by all sorts of intellectuals. T h e y 52 53 D I S C U S S I O N D I S C U S S I O N change the way we use words, and by doing so is grounded, in general, in the notion that there they build new intellectual worlds. This has been is something important that can be called "the going on ever since Plato and Socrates. Descartes, search for truth" and that the paradigm of this for example, transformed and partially replaced search is empirical science, the area of culture that the thereby supposedly is in closest contact with reality.