English Word-Formation by Laurie Bauer

By Laurie Bauer

Книга вводит читателя в введение в словообразование, то есть способ, которым новые слова образуются на базе других слов (happy - happy-ness) в английском. Обучающая цель книги -вооружить студентов небольшими или важными знаниями чтобы они могли делать свой собственный анализ сложных слов. Читателя знакомятся с необходимыми методическими инструментами чтобы достичь и анализировать имеющие отношение к делу данные, им демонстрируется как соотнести их открытия с теоретическими проблемами и спорами. Эта книга написана в каких-то определенных рамках и ведет к взгляду в суть, исходя из различных традиций исследований, отражая важное теоретическое и методическое развитие в этой сфере. Это учебник, ориентированный на студентов, изучающих английский и лингвистику как предмет. Книга может служить источником для учителей и студентов продвинутого уровня и как современная справочная информация относительно словообразовательных процессов в английском.

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Extra resources for English Word-Formation

Sample text

Further complications arise when the variable shape of morphemes, known as allomorphy, is taken into account. We have seen that the choice of the appropriate allomorph can be determined by phonological, morphological or lexical conditions. Then we have tried to determine two of the many word-formation rules of English, which involved the exemplary discussion of important empirical, theoretical and methodological problems. One of these problems was whether a rule can be used to form new words or whether it is a mere redundancy rule.

If complex base words are ambiguous in this way, we can see the effect of the preference for contrary interpretations. ). The complementary antonym of American would normally be formed by attachment of the neighboring prefix non-, giving us non-American. Thus, Britons are not necessarily un-American people, but they are certainly non-American. What are the overall consequences of the foregoing analyses for the word formation rule in (15)? Contrary to the first impression, it turned out that the rule makes basically correct predictions and that the data in (16) do not constitute sufficient evidence against (15).

In chapter 4 we will investigate in more detail the systematic phonological changes which affixes can inflict on their bases. Let us turn to suffix allomorphy. The data in (12) show some adjectives derived from nouns by the suffixation of -al/-ar. Both suffixes mean the same thing and their phonetic resemblance strongly suggests that they are allomorphs of one morpheme. Think a minute about what conditions their distribution before you read on. (12) The allomorphy of adjectival -al/-ar cause+al → causal pole+al → polar inflection+al → inflectional nodule+al → nodular distribution+al → distributional cellule+al → cellular Obviously, all derivatives ending in -ar are based on words ending in [l], whereas the derivatives ending in -al are based on words ending in sounds other than [l].

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