By Anke Ludeling, Merja Kyto
This guide offers an updated survey of corpus linguistics. Spoken, written, or multimodal corpora function the foundation for quantitative and qualitative study on many questions of linguistic curiosity. the quantity includes sixty one articles by way of across the world well known specialists. They comic strip the background of corpus linguistics and its dating with neighboring disciplines, convey its capability, talk about its difficulties, and describe numerous equipment of gathering, annotating, and looking corpora, in addition to processing corpus info. it's updated and a whole instruction manual along with either an summary and distinctive discussions. It collects loads of specialists in a single and an identical quantity.
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Additional info for Corpus Linguistics: An International Handbook, Volume 1 (Handbooks of Linguistics and Communication Science)
1990), Wörterbücher. Ein Internationales Handbuch zur Lexikographie. ) Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter. Heenan, Charles H. (2002), Manual and Technology-based Approaches to Using Classification for the Facilitation of Access to Unstructured Text. pdf. Hofmann, Walter (2004), Probleme der Korpusbildung in der Sprachgeschichtsschreibung und Dokumentation vorhandener Korpora. ), Sprachgeschichte. Ein Handbuch zur Geschichte der deutschen Sprache und ihrer Erforschung. ) Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 875Ϫ889.
A grammatical description that gives only “a compact one-to-one representation of the stock of utterances in the corpus” (here Chomsky cites Harris [1951, 376]) is defective. Chomsky remarks that on the level of syntax the intuitive character of grammatical descriptions is most obvious and that, ultimately, the collection of data is concerned with finding a basis for intuitive judgements. He offers the following list of types of data that generative grammarians utilize: (6) a. b. c. d. e. f. phonetic transcriptions; judgements of conformity of utterance tokens; judgements of wellformedness; ambiguity that can be traced to structural origins; judgements of sameness or difference of sentence type; judgements concerning the propriety of particular classifications and segmentations; 23 24 I.
Syntactic Structures reiterates the same ideas: “given a corpus of sentences”, linguistic theory should provide a method for selecting a grammar (p. 11); a language is “a (finite or infinite) set of sentences” (p. 13); one way to test the adequacy of a grammar is to determine whether the sentences it generates “are actually grammatical, i. , acceptable to the native speaker”, which is a “behavioral criterion for grammaticalness” (p. 13); a grammar is “related to the corpus of sentences” it describes (p.