Black Chicago's First Century: 1833-1900 by Christopher Robert Reed

By Christopher Robert Reed

In Black Chicago’s First Century, Christopher Robert Reed presents the 1st finished research of an African American inhabitants in a nineteenth-century northern urban past the jap seaboard. Reed’s examine covers the 1st 100 years of African American cost and achievements within the Windy urban, encompassing more than a few actions and occasions that span the antebellum, Civil warfare, Reconstruction, and post-Reconstruction classes. the writer takes us from a time whilst black Chicago supplied either employees and squaddies for the Union reason to the consequent a long time that observed the increase and improvement of a stratified classification constitution and progress in employment, politics, and tradition. simply because the urban used to be reworked in its first century of life, so have been its black inhabitants.

Methodologically counting on the federal pension files of Civil warfare squaddies on the nationwide files, in addition to formerly ignored photographic facts, manuscripts, modern newspapers, and secondary resources, Reed captures the lives of Chicago’s titanic military of standard black women and men. He locations black Chicagoans in the context of northern city heritage, offering a greater figuring out of the similarities and variations between them. We research of the stipulations African americans confronted earlier than and after Emancipation. We learn the way the black group replaced and built through the years: we learn the way those humans endured—how they informed their little ones, how they labored, equipped, and performed. Black Chicago’s First Century is a balanced and coherent paintings. somebody with an curiosity in city background or African American stories will locate a lot worth during this book.

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Black Chicago's First Century: 1833-1900

In Black Chicago’s First Century, Christopher Robert Reed offers the 1st finished examine of an African American inhabitants in a nineteenth-century northern urban past the japanese seaboard. Reed’s examine covers the 1st 100 years of African American payment and achievements within the Windy urban, encompassing a number actions and occasions that span the antebellum, Civil struggle, Reconstruction, and post-Reconstruction sessions.

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Clair Drake saw the international celebration of 1893, the World’s Columbian Exposition, as accentuating the more salutary side of American race relations. ” While conventional academic reasoning might have dictated analyzing the nature of a preconceived class system based on fanciful economic influences, Drake resisted this tendency in determining its nonexistence altogether during this era. He found neither a social grouping nor a system linked primarily to the means of accumulating wealth. Instead, he uncovered a level of differentiation at this incipient stage of its evolution that developed along cultural and social lines, producing three sociocultural clusters comprising the basic configuration of African American society during this era.

At this point, the necessity of a paradigm proved essential in the study. Paradigmatic solutions, as I envisioned them, appeared through a frame- Reed-FM/Intro(i-xviii, 1-34) 5/9/05 1:18 PM Page 12 12 / Introduction work that included five elements: racial self-identification and affirmation, internal social structure, culture and race relations, political and associational participation, and economic activities. First, a recognition of uninterrupted instances of demonstrated human agency among African Americans is imperative in order to understand the dynamics of black Chicago’s history.

11 It is unimaginable that he could have lived in peace with American whites after the Greenville treaty. When frontier America (in its physicality, Fort Dearborn) encountered Potawatomi-French Chicago (in its commercial and cultural syncretism) in 1803–1804, neither overwhelmed the other immediately. Cooperation, rather than conflict, marked the initial character of relations consistent with the shape of Du Sable’s intralacustrine diplomacy. In the wake of Du Sable’s departure in 1800, American expansionism took only three decades to expel the Potawatomi and other resident native peoples—economically, physically, and culturally.

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