Balkan Sprachbund Morpho-Syntactic Features (Studies in by Olga M. Tomic

By Olga M. Tomic

This ebook discusses the morpho-syntactic Balkan Sprachbund positive aspects in 9 languages during which they're so much various. It features a wealth of Balkan linguistic fabric. the point of interest is on showing similarities and alterations within the illustration of the main commonly stated Balkan Sprachbund morpho-syntactic good points and their interplay with different beneficial properties within the constitution of the DP or the sentence of person languages.

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8 It should, however, be borne in mind that the convergence involves more than a mere need for effective communication. As pointed out by Joseph (1983:249), “the need for communicative efficiency in a multi-lingual setting is not readily transferable to a feature such as the postposed definite article in Albanian, Macedonian, Bulgarian and Romanian, for there does not seem to be any obvious communicative advantage in any particular placement of the definite article”. 9 Many of the Balkan Sprachbund features are also present in non-Balkan languages.

5. 6 Balkan Sprachbund features singled out in general linguistic books A number of Balkan Sprachbund features are listed in contemporary general linguistic books. 1 Lyle Campbell, in the chapter devoted to languages in contact in his introductory book on historical linguistics (Campbell 1998), singles out six morphosyntactic “salient traits” of the Balkan linguistic area: (a) syncretism of Dative and Genitive; (b) postposed articles; (c) periphrastic future (signalled by “want” or “have” auxiliaries); (d) periphrastic 29 Lindstedt (2000a) uses “Balkan Romani” as an areal term comprising both Balkan Romani dialects proper and those Vlax Romani dialects that are spoken in the Balkan area.

In the period when the Balkan Sprachbund features were developing, Turkish was the most widely spoken language on the Balkans. Nevertheless, a relatively small number of Balkan Sprachbund features is encountered in Balkan Turkish. Partly because of its non-Indo-European structure, which makes it difficult to find correspondent exponents for the phenomena exhibited in the other languages (all of them Indo-European), and partly because of its dominant social status, Turkish was an instigator for the development of the Sprachbund, more than a participant in it.

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