By Christopher M. Davidson
The Gulf monarchies (Saudi Arabia and its 5 smaller neighbours: the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, and Bahrain) have lengthy been ruled by means of hugely autocratic and possible anachronistic regimes. but regardless of bloody conflicts on their doorsteps, fast-growing populations, and robust modernising and globalising forces impacting on their principally conservative societies, they've got established outstanding resilience. Obituaries for those conventional monarchies have usually been penned, yet even now those absolutist, virtually medieval, entities nonetheless seem to pose an analogous conundrum as ahead of: within the wake of the 2011 Arab Spring and the autumn of incumbent presidents in Egypt, Tunisia, and Libya, the it sounds as if steadfast Gulf monarchies have, at the start look, re-affirmed their prestige because the heart East s purely actual bastions of balance. during this e-book, besides the fact that, famous Gulf professional Christopher Davidson contends that the cave in of those kings, emirs, and sultans goes to ensue, and was once regularly going to. whereas the innovative routine in North Africa, Syria, and Yemen will undeniably function very important, if oblique, catalysts for the arriving upheaval, a few of the related socio-economic pressures that have been increase within the Arab republics at the moment are additionally a great deal found in the Gulf monarchies. it truly is now now not an issue of if but if the West s steadfast allies fall. it is a daring declare to make yet Davidson, who appropriately forecast the industrial turmoil that Dubai in 2009, has an enviable list in diagnosing social and political alterations afoot within the zone.
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Additional resources for After the Sheikhs: The Coming Collapse of the Gulf Monarchies
This key contribution is often referred to as the ‘organizational complementarity’ hypothesis. A similar approach has been followed by Caroli and Van Reenen (2001) and Bloom et al. (2005) in their analysis of manufacturing firms, who also find support for the complementarity hypothesis about ICT and management practices. More recently, in an analysis with panel data from 680 small and medium-sized (SME) Italian manufacturing firms, Giuri et al. (2008) found that ICT positively affects output and productivity.
Using regression analysis, these works then attempt to test whether ICT expenditure is statistically related to output. Early analyses following this approach found no clear evidence that ICT investment was significantly and positively related to output, coining the idea of an ‘IT paradox’ – where ‘You can see the computer age everywhere but in the productivity statistics’ (Solow, 1987, p. 36; Bailey and Gordon, 1988). However, later research since the 1990s has reversed the position, finding strong evidence of a statistically positive relationship from ICT on productivity at the firm level (Lichtenberg, 1995; Brynjolfsson and Hitt, 1996).
The volume of inputs can be composed from the three different types: labour costs, intermediate administration (or outsourcing and procurement) costs and capital consumption. For over-time analyses, costs should then be deflated using specific pay and price deflators. Dividing the chosen volume of output measure by this volume of input measure will provide a total factor productivity measure. By contrast, dividing the volume of output by a volume of input based on the number of total FTE (full-time equivalent) staff will provide an FTE productivity measure.