By Petr Biskup
This monograph addresses matters, levels and adverbials. It proposes that there's a correlation among the part constitution, the tripartite quantificational constitution and the knowledge constitution of the sentence. This correlation performs a major position not just in referential and information-structural homes of arguments and the verb but in addition in adverbial houses. for example, the examine indicates that definite sentence adverbials can take place within the sentence-final place within the vice president part once they signify the intense price with admire to the set of concentration possible choices. The proposed correlation additionally turns into vital in anaphoric relatives with recognize to adjuncts. in simple terms an R-expression spelled out and interpreted within the CP section of an accessory clause can corefer with the coindexed pronoun. The examine additionally discusses adverbial ordering and indicates that the relative order of sure adverbials should be reversed in the event that they ensue in numerous levels. The monograph will entice syntacticians and linguists attracted to the connection among syntax and its interfaces.
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Extra resources for Adverbials and the Phase Model (Linguistik Aktuell Linguistics Today, 177)
The proposal would have problems with data like the Norwegian example in (31), taken from Nilsen (2000: 33), in which the moved verb and subject follow the adverbial nå ‘now’. If the adverbial is externally merged in the sentence-initial position, then (31), in fact, should represent an unattested pattern. 28 One would have to stipulate that late-merged adverbials must target the vP-position below the shifted object in order not to derive sentences with informationally focused vP-adverbials preceding the shifted object.
Therefore the (second) hypothesis that objects are further moved by a phonological movement (Disl in Chomsky (2001)) cannot be right. Objects are raised to a higher position but the movement step cannot be a purely phonological phenomenon, it must be a process that takes place in narrow syntax. This fits into my proposal that it is the head T that bears the μEPP-feature responsible for scrambling (object shift) and triggers overt movement in narrow syntax. Checking of the μEPP-feature on T then provides the right interpretation for the moved elements.
I argued in the preceding sections that the vP edge divides sentences into two parts syntactically, semantically and information-structurally and that elements inside vP are focused and receive an existential or a specific/definite interpretation and elements outside vP are backgrounded and obligatorily specific or definite. The specific interpretation of a DP in situ arises when it is QR-ed and bound in the CP phase. Under the copy theory of movement, it means that the upper copy is interpreted in the restrictive clause at the semantic interface and the lower copy is spelled out and interpreted as focused.