By Frank R. Noyes M.D., Sue D. Barber-Westin B.S. (auth.), Frank R. Noyes, Sue Barber-Westin (eds.)
Nearly one million anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) accidents happen every year all over the world, inflicting long term difficulties within the knee joint. This textbook examines the fast- and long term affects of ACL accidents at the foundation of hundreds of thousands of released reports. probability components for such accidents are explored utilizing info from hypothesis-driven investigations, and attainable factors of the better hazard of noncontact ACL accidents in lady athletes are analyzed. Neuromuscular education courses proven to lessen the speed of those accidents in lady athletes are defined in step by step aspect via various colour photos and video demonstrations. additionally, exact descriptions are supplied for rehabilitation courses for use after ACL reconstruction as a way to decrease the chance of a destiny damage. The publication should be of worth to orthopedic surgeons, actual therapists, athletic running shoes, activities medication basic care physicians, and power and conditioning specialists.
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Additional info for ACL Injuries in the Female Athlete: Causes, Impacts, and Conditioning Programs
59. 60. The ACL: Anatomy, Biomechanics, Mechanisms of Injury, and the Gender Disparity situ forces in the anterior cruciate ligament: a porcine study. J Orthop Res 16(1):122–127 Li G, Rudy TW, Sakane M et al (1999) The importance of quadriceps and hamstring muscle loading on knee kinematics and in-situ forces in the ACL. J Biomech 32(4):395–400 Li G, DeFrate LE, Park SE et al (2005) In vivo articular cartilage contact kinematics of the knee: an investigation using dual-orthogonal fluoroscopy and magnetic resonance image-based computer models.
Am J Sports Med 27(3):294–299 23 61. Meyer EG, Haut RC (2005) Excessive compression of the human tibio-femoral joint causes ACL rupture. J Biomech 38(11):2311–2316 62. More RC, Karras BT, Neiman F et al (1993) Hamstrings-an anterior cruciate ligament protagonist: an in vitro study. Am J Sports Med 21:231–237 63. Morrey MA, Stuart MJ, Smith AM et al (1999) A longitudinal examination of athletes’ emotional and cognitive responses to anterior cruciate ligament injury. Clin J Sport Med 9(2):63–69 64.
Swanik et al.  studied electromyographic (EMG) activity during landing from a hop and knee perturbation in 12 females with ACLdeficient knees and 17 female control subjects. 01). There was no difference between groups in muscle activity on landing or in the single-leg hop test. DeMont et al.  studied muscular activity before footstrike in six ACL-deficient female patients and six female control subjects during walking down an incline, running, hopping, and landing from a jump. The ACL-deficient subjects 2 Consequences of Complete ACL Ruptures had EMG side-to-side differences not demonstrated by the controls.