Accentuation and Active Interpretation (Palgrave Studies in by Hans-Christian Schmitz

By Hans-Christian Schmitz

Hans-Christian Schmitz argues speaker has to utter a sentence in a manner that makes the hearer understand not less than these phrases which are adequate for knowing the total sentence. In spoken language the speaker has to intensify those phrases. Semantics results of accentuation seem as epi-phenomena in their pragmatic functionality. the writer defines a proper version for the translation of incompletely famous sentences and derives a context-sensitive rule of accentuation. the guideline of accentuation is experimentally evaluated.

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Example text

Lastly, in section 4, I return to Grice, revise the conversational maxims that he postulates and determine their role in cooperative information exchange. Before I begin, I have to define some important terms: the (intensional) meaning of a declarative sentence is a proposition; by uttering a declarative sentence a proposition is asserted; utterances and assertions are speech acts. The (intensional) meaning of an interrogative sentence is a question – in the sense of Groenendijk and Stokhof (1984): a propositional concept – by uttering an interrogative sentence a question is asked; asking a question is a speech act.

Recognition in this case serves the purpose of discriminating and selecting one of several predictable expressions. ) Reply: recognition is indeed guided by expectation, and expectations depend on the interpretations of previous utterances, possibly even on interpretation that looks ahead. Nonetheless, recognition and interpretation can be modelled distinctly and separately. First: Cherry (1978) reports that test persons in shadowing experiments, in which they have to repeat a text as it is being read to them, have no problems with this task.

Breheny (2002) – according to which non-linguistic, pragmatic moments already occur during the reconstruction process, which is still purely semantic according to the pipeline model. The content of an utterance is linguistically underspecified, and is enhanced by pragmatic principles already during reconstruction; in this way, the semantic and pragmatic analysis modules are combined. – (B) Criteria of adequacy are needed for filtering out inadequate reconstructions of messages. If such criteria are defined as constraints – in the manner proposed here – all reconstructions that do not satisfy the constraints are filtered out.

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