By Van de Velde, Mark L.O.
A Grammar of Eton is the 1st description of the Cameroonian Bantu language Eton. it's also one of many few whole descriptions of a North-western Bantu language. The advanced tonology of Eton is punctiliously analysed and awarded in an easy and constant descriptive framework, which allows the reader to maintain tune of Eton's many tonal morphemes. Phonologists might be specially attracted to the research of stem preliminary prominence, which manifests itself in a few logically autonomous phenomena, together with size of the onset consonant, phonotactic skewing and variety of tonal attachment websites. Typologists and Africanists engaged on morphosyntax will locate precious analyses of, between others, gender and contract; annoying, element, temper and negation; and verbal derivation. they'll stumble upon many morphosyntactic alterations among Eton and the higher identified japanese and Southern Bantu languages, frequently because of evolutions formed through maximality constraints on stems. The chapters on clause constitution and intricate structures offer information infrequently present in assets at the languages of the sector, together with descriptions of non-verbal clauses, concentration, quasi-auxiliaries and adverbial clauses.
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Extra info for A Grammar of Eton (Cameroon) (Mouton De Gruyter Library)
They are best divided into obstruents and sonorants. The former contain plosives and fricatives and can never be syllabic, the latter are nasals and approximants and can be syllabic either structurally (only nasals) or as the result of syllabification rules (see the discussion of examples (59-60)). Table 1 lists all consonant phonemes. 10 Phonology Table 1. Consonant phonemes obstruent stop -voice +voice fricative -voice +voice son. nasal appr. 1. Discussion of some phonemes and oppositions /ҷ/ & /Ě/ Phonetically /ҷ/ and /Ě/ are affricates.
Pòٝnì/ ‘resemble’ /mbòٝní/ ‘resemblance’ c. 2. 1. 2). 2. e. after a structural |w| or a structural vowel. In contrast, when the phoneme /ũ/ occurs in a stem, it is always before a word boundary, except in a few borrowings such as /zũڮkúlî/ ‘school’ and /bũڮzímí/ ‘police’, the initial syllable of which can be analysed as a prosodic prefix. This distribution can be accounted for by means of the representation rules in (37) and (38). Note that the related word forms in the examples provide extra evidence for these representation rules.
I. j. 2. Nasalization Vowels are nasalized if in a prominent syllable and immediately followed by the velar nasal /͡/. Nasalization is symbolised by a diacritic [ ۞ ] under the vowel in order to avoid interference with tone marking. (17) |ì-nu͡ڟá| ࣰ /ìnú͡á/ ࣰ [ìnú۞͡á] ‘dwarf’ Slight nasalization of /Þ/ occurs after the palatal nasal /͟/ and nasalization of open vowels (3rd and 4th degree) between the labiovelar glide /w/ and any nasal consonant. This conditioning is not watertight and has to be refined.